With this recent case, the total count of Nipah patients receiving treatment in the district now stands at three. The other two individuals are the nine-year-old son and the 25-year-old brother-in-law of Mohammedali (47), the index case, who regrettably succumbed to the virus on August 30. The health department has intensified its contact-tracing efforts, with a total of 789 individuals identified as potential contacts.
What is Nipah Virus?
What are its signs & symptoms?
Human Nipah virus infection can appear in a variety of ways, ranging from asymptomatic instances to severe illnesses such as acute respiratory syndrome and deadly encephalitis, which involves brain inflammation. Individuals may have fever and headaches lasting 3 to 14 days after exposure and an incubation period of 5 to 14 days. Drowsiness, disorientation, and mental confusion are frequently experienced as a result. This is often followed by drowsiness, disorientation, and mental confusion. In the most severe cases, these symptoms can progress to a coma within 24 to 48 hours.
How does it get transmitted?
Transmission of NiV to humans can occur through several routes:
- Direct Contact: Humans may contract the virus through direct contact with infected bats and pigs.
- Consumption of Contaminated Fruits: Another avenue of transmission is consuming fruits that have been nibbled on by infected bats and birds.
- Human-to-Human Contact: Additionally, NiV can be transmitted from person to person.
What is the course of treatment and what you can do to prevent it?
Presently, there is no vaccine available for either humans or animals to combat NiV. Therefore, the primary approach to treating human cases involves intensive supportive care.
In terms of prevention, individuals can safeguard themselves by avoiding contact with sick pigs and bats. Furthermore, it's crucial to refrain from consuming fruits that may have been bitten by bats. These measures play a vital role in reducing the risk of Nipah virus infection.
In a bid to contain the spread of the virus, police and local authorities have sprung into action. Containment zones have been established in designated wards across nine panchayats. Travel restrictions have been imposed, and barricades have been set up to curb movement. It is notable that the number of containment zones has surged from 43 to 58 as of Wednesday.
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